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The management of British wetlands. II. 1973. Conservation. Journal of Environmental Management. 1, 345—61.

Conservation is management for biological quality. In general, if the vegetation is managed to the desired end, the appropriate animal life will follow without special treatment (though macrofauna may need greater freedom from disturbance). The variables most usually controlled are water regime, cutting, burning and grazing. Much diversity is obtainable by using different combinations of these factors, which are the factors under which most lowland wetland communities have evolved and to which they are adapted. Examples are given of relations between communities or species and management variables.